With the arrival of the Omicron variant, which quickly became a community circulation in many districts, Argentina started the third wave this month of coronavirus. So far from December, the average daily infections grew 1003% (multiplied by nine) Y bed occupancy increased 55% of intensive therapy with patients with a positive Covid-19 diagnosis.
In addition, this Wednesday they reported 42,032 new infections in 24 hours, the highest figure since the start of the pandemic, surpassing the 41,080 reported on May 27, at the worst moment of the second wave.
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The data that alerts the health authorities and those who must make decisions on the subject, is that the third wave case curve is just beginning and projections indicate that the record has yet to be reached.
In what situation does the third wave of coronavirus find Argentina
Although the curve in the rise of infections is much more pronounced at the beginning of this third wave than in the previous two, the main difference is the progress in the vaccination campaign.
When at the end of August 2020 cases started to climb, no vaccine manufacturing process had yet been completed and the only weapon against disease was isolation; The health system was stressed and the Government was advancing against the clock with the opening of new intensive care beds in order to guarantee the care of critical patients.
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After a regrowth during the summer, which was not classified as a new wave, At the end of March, infections rose again. Then, the vaccination campaign had already started of older adults and people with risk factors and the Government announced a new period of isolation to buy time and accelerate the immunization of a greater percentage of the population.
On May 27, the maximum peak of the second wave was reached, with 41,080 cases in 24 hours.
Unlike both waves, the start of this third -which began in the last month of the second year of the pandemic- finds the 84.2% of the population vaccinated with one dose; 71.4% with two and 11.1% with three. This advance in the vaccination campaign explains why the growth of deaths does not accompany infections at the same speed.
Read also: Coronavirus in Argentina: 42,032 cases were reported in the last 24 hours, the highest number since the start of the pandemic
At the worst moment of the pandemic, there were therapies that registered a mortality of 80%, that is, eight out of ten people who were admitted could not overcome the disease.
What about intensive therapies and the growth of infections
In the same way as the vaccination does not prevent infections but reduces deaths from coronavirus, too lowers the number of critically ill patients which ends up requiring care in an intensive therapy bed.
However, in the previous two waves about 2% of those infected required hospitalization in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). If the Omicron variant follows the same trend, hospitalized patients will start to grow in the next few days.
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Carina Balasini (MN 104407) anticipated TN what for In the first week of January, hospitalizations would begin to rise more sharply, because there patients who are unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated and those are the ones who are requiring intensive therapy ”, he explained.
At peak of the second wave, 7,969 hospitalized people were registered with a positive Covid-19 diagnosis, but as infections began to decline, beds were vacated, although many were reused for critical patients with other pathologies.
So far in December, occupancy has risen 55% and, if the forecasts come true, health personnel would return to a stressful situation without having been able to complete the scheduled rest for this time of year. That is at this time the greatest concern among professionals. More than 97% suffer from burnout syndrome or extreme exhaustion.
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What is the epidemiological status of the provinces
From an equation in which the cases per 100,000 inhabitants are combined with the number of infections accumulated in two weeks, the health authorities establish the status of the epidemiological situation in each jurisdiction.
This Wednesday, Tierra del Fuego went to a high risk state and Buenos Aires, CABA, Córdoba, La Pampa, Neuquén, Río Negro and Tucumán were joined by Catamarca, Corrientes, Salta, San Luis, Santa Cruz and Santa Fe. Thus, 14 districts are in this situation. While the remaining ten provinces remain at medium risk.