LGBTIQ + is a universal acronym that represents the diversity of gender expressions and sexual orientations that has been changing over time. are the initials of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, Intersex, Queer and other identities.
It usually ends with symbol + to include other groups that are not named or represented by the acronyms above. They refer to minorities within the LGBTIQ+ community such as non-binary, asexual, demisexual or pansexual people.
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What does each letter of the acronym LGBTIQ+ refer to?
- Lesbian: Lesbian people identify as women and feel affective, emotional and sexual attraction to other women.
- Gay: They are people who identify as men who feel affective, emotional and sexual attraction to other men.
- Bisexual: They identify as bisexual and feel affective, emotional and sexual attraction to people of the same gender and the opposite gender.
- Trans, Transvestite, Transgender: Trans. It is the word that encompasses the set of identities of people who develop a gender identity other than the sex assigned at birth. Transsexual people are those who undergo surgery and/or perform hormonal treatments in order to adapt their body to their self-perceived gender identity. transvestite it refers to trans people who wear clothes “socially” assigned to another gender.
- Intersexual: They are those whose bodies (chromosomes, reproductive organs and/or genitalia) do not fit anatomically within the sexual patterns that constitute the male/female binary system.
- Queer: The queer person is one who thinks about relationships, sexual preferences and the expressions of a gender outside of heteronormativity. In other words, it is not governed by gender impositions that start from the assumption that human beings are limited to the identity of male and female.
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The acronym began as LGBT, but over time it was modified so that other identities were also included within the collective. Therefore, and depending on the country, we can see variations such as GLBT, LGBTTT and LGBTIQ+.
The origin of the pride flag and the meaning of its colors
The activist and designer Gilbert Baker created the famous rainbow flag at the request of America’s first openly gay politician, Harvey Milk. First used in 1978, at the Gay Pride Festival in San Francisco, U.S.
In the first instance there were 8 colors that painted the flag, then there were seven and finally there were six. However, the eight colors have a meaning:
- Pink represents sexuality.
- Red represents life.
- Orange represents health.
- Yellow represents the sun.
- Green represents nature.
- Turquoise represents magic and art.
- Blue represents harmony and serenity.
- Violet represents the spirit.
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