With a magnificent staging of Aidaby Giuseppe Verdi, the May 25, 1908 officially opened the Colon Theaterone of the world temples of poetry. It was the second theater for operas of the Buenos aires citysince the first had been located in the May Plaza, but it had outgrown the Great Village and for this reason it was closed in 1888.
That is why its design was entrusted to the Italian architect Francesco Tamburini (1846-1891), who served as director of Architecture for the country, but died at the age of 44, before finishing the work. His partner, the Italian architect Vittorio Meano (1860-1904), who had designed the Congress of the Nation, succeeded him for its construction.
when i mean was murdered, also at the age of 44, was replaced by the Belgian Jules Dormand (1846-1924). It is said that they did not get a new architect because it was rumored that there was one “damn”, but he was already over 44 years old and therefore he was not scared.
The Teatro Colón: fashionable
The design and decoration of the prestigious Colon Theater they followed the dictates of fashion at the beginning of the 19th century: eclecticism. The building is located facing Avenida 9 de Julio, on the property surrounded by Cerrito, Viamonte, Tucumán and Libertad streets. occupies 8,200 square meters in different plants. And it was built on the block where the first railway station in the country was located, the Parque Station.
After passing under the wrought-iron canopy, the foyer The entrance hall is covered with marble-like stucco, while the columns are covered in reddish Verona marble. The elegant staircase is made of Carrara marble, flanked by two lion heads carved from a single piece of pink marble From Portugal. The stained glass windows in the ceiling, which had been added to the original design by Meano, were commissioned from the Gaudin House in Paris.
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The Hall of Busts It shows off representations of Mozart, Beethoven, Bellini, Bizet, Rossini, Verdi, Wagner and Gounod, made by the Italian sculptor Luis Trincero. From there you go to both the Renaissance White Room, which functions as an anteroom, and the Golden Room, gold powder plated and decorated with chandeliers, columns, stained glass windows and furniture in French style. Chamber music concerts and conferences are also held there.
The Teatro Colón: the room
The imposing room -one of the largest in the world- has capacity for 2,487 people seated in the stalls and boxes, and 3,000 if you include the people who can stand in the pot, the gathering, the gallery and the paradise on the upper level. As for the style, it repeats the eclectic, combining the neo-renaissance Italian with the French baroque, in gold and scarlet colors.
The 318 square meter dome it was originally painted by the French artist Marcel Jambon and remained that way until the 1930s, when it was damaged by humidity.
The writer Manuel Mujica Lainez suggested that Raúl Soldi paint the dome again, which was completed between the end of 1965 and March 1966. On different canvases, the artist -who donated his work- represented an allegory of the scenic-musical arts with 51 figures of artists, singers, elves of the theater and musical instruments, which were later attached to the dome. The work was inaugurated on May 26, 1966 and since then it still shines at the top of the room.
An immense chandelier seven meters in diameter and weighing more than a ton crowns the ceiling of the Colon Theaterforged in burnished bronze by the brothers Esteban and Luis Azaretto in France at the end of the 19th century.
I also read: “The shocking cleaning of the chandelier of the Teatro Colón: the photos of a historical ritual”.
Every year, its maintenance, which includes cleaning, repairing and changing 552 lamps located in 12 lampshades, requires the work of a specialized team of 25 people. For that it is lowered with a modern system installed during the remodeling of 2010. The magnificent building of the Colon Theater It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989to take care of its preservation forever.