The discussion over the Omnibus Law is the first major political test that Javier Milei's government faces. The situation of absolute minority that he has in Congress forces him to negotiate with the opposition and he did that in recent weeks, even more than the President intended. And at this time the last negotiations are taking place prior to Wednesday's session at 10.
In this sense, the president of the Chamber of Deputies, Martín Menem, takes charge of the meetings that take place this Monday and will continue on Tuesday. There, the certainty of the modifications made at request will be debated, but those articles that the Executive considers immovable will also be clarified. Then there is room for a handful of articles that they are willing to eliminate if there is no agreement.
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The first important change to the project was the decision of the Minister of Economy, Luis Caputo, to withdraw the fiscal package. In this way, the chapters that established an increase in withholdings, a new mechanism for updating pensions, money laundering, changes in the Personal Property Tax and the moratorium will not be discussed.
The Minister of the Interior, Guillermo Francos, in a moment of strong tension in his presentation in committees of Deputies (Photo: NA – Mariano Sánchez).
Sources from the ruling party indicated that they also gave in on other issues such as removing from the project the declaration of four of the eleven emergencies: Social Security, Health, Energy and Tariff. Nearly 200 articles (out of 664) were also eliminated to facilitate consensus and the reform of the political system was removed from the discussion, which will be discussed in ordinary sessions along with the proposal for jury trials.
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After these modifications, the Government considers that they have already made the necessary concessions for the project to be approved without major objections. In fact, during the weekend different officials from the ruling party stressed that there would be no more changes to the Base Law. From the Minister of the Interior, Guillermo Francos, to the president of the Chamber of Deputies, Martín Menem, to the presidential spokesperson, Manuel Adorni, everyone stated that they expect a gesture from the opposition.
Guillermo Francos and Martín Menem are two of the main actors in the negotiations with the opposition. (Photo: TN / Leandro Heredia / Chamber of Deputies)
Among those immovable points is the declaration of emergency and the deregulation of the economy. The ruling maintains its proposal to regulate protests, by establishing that the blocking of traffic and routes is prohibited, and establishes that authorization must be requested for any demonstration of more than 30 people in a public space, instead of the three people that it established. the original initiative. And the proposal to allow self-defense when a person is attacked in a case of unlawful aggression remains unchanged.
Regarding the points permeable for modifications, there is the reform of the Fisheries Law. It is an issue that from the beginning generated controversies in the sector and even generated the intervention of the governor of Chubut, Ignacio Torres. The mayor of General Pueyrredón, Guillermo Montenegro, also expressed his opposition. Modifications were made due to the first objections, but it could be removed from the law if there is no final agreement. The biofuels law would suffer the same fate.
This Monday afternoon governors from Together for Change met, along with legislators from the so-called dialogue opposition, to try to unify positions and then continue with negotiations with the ruling party. The government needs to reach 129 votes to open the session and then maintain them throughout the vote, where it will be enough to have a positive vote above the rejections.