The process of Argentina's incorporation into the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) formally began after a Council meeting where they took note of the letter in which Javier Milei's government accepted the invitation for the country to join. to this prestigious international cooperation organization.
Argentina had been invited to join the OECD on January 25, 2022. But on that first opportunity, Alberto Fernández never responded to the invitation and the accession was frozen. The case of Brazil and Peru was different, who at that time did accept inclusion and since then have been in the process of adapting regulations.
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With the arrival of Milei to the Casa Rosada, and in line with the turn in foreign policy that the libertarian is imprinting on his administration, Argentina's accession to this forum that brings together 38 developed or developing countries was quickly made a priority. process of development. The premise was: “far from the BRICS, close to the OECD.”
“Far from the BRICS, close to the OECD”, is one of Javier Milei's premises. (Photo: EFE)
In this way, the Argentine authorities moved quickly and in the same week that Milei beat Sergio Massa in the second round of elections, the OECD sent another letter addressed to the new president. The day after taking office, the head of state signed the acceptance.
That the OECD Council has taken note of Argentina's acceptance is only the first step in a long path that begins now and may take up to 8 years – according to previous experiences and as the government expects – until our country adapts. completely comply with the organization's standards and the different thematic committees pass the adaptation exam.
The step by step of the incorporation of Argentina
In the coming weeks, the meeting of ambassadors from OECD member countries will take place in Paris, in which Argentina will participate. It is an ordinary meeting that is repeated month after month, but in this case it will have the particularity that it must unanimously support the beginning of the formal incorporation process. It is assumed that this is the case.
The highlight will come in May, when the annual ministerial meeting will also be held in Paris – where the OECD headquarters is located – where all the ministers of the member countries will participate. As TN learned, Foreign Minister Diana Mondino will be present at this summit. It remains to be decided whether she will be accompanied by Luis Caputo, the Minister of Economy. These ministries are the ones that usually represent the member countries.
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In May, the OECD is expected to deliver to Argentina the final version of the roadmap that the country will have to comply with for its definitive entry. From Palacio San Martín they hope that it will be a scheme similar to that proposed to Peru and Brazil, with whom there will be contacts to facilitate the process.
After the delivery of the roadmap and simultaneously with the entry process, the Argentine government will have to sign what is known as an “initial memorandum”, where the OECD's manual of good practices is accepted. It is a guide with more than 250 points that mark an initial position of the country seeking to join.
In May, the ministerial summit will be held in Paris and it is expected that the OECD will provide Argentina with the definitive roadmap. (Photo: OECD)
From the Foreign Ministry they explained to TN that there will be 23 OECD committees that will supervise the development of the incorporation process. They will have missions and visits to Argentina where, practically, they will take exams and define if the country begins to meet the necessary standards to enter the international cooperation forum.
Adaptation requires coordinated work by all national and provincial ministries. “It is a very, very large coordination mechanism,” they acknowledged from the portfolio led by Mondino. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship will coordinate the process.