If the gums bleed, it is because they are warning us of the constant presence of inflammation, often due to bacteria. If these signs are ignored, periodontal disease could develop.
Bleeding gums occur when there is an alteration in the balance of bacteria in our mouth. It usually happens due to the accumulation of plaque. This causes inflammation with subsequent bleeding.
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Bleeding gums can also be due to completely different causes, for example diabetes mellitus, nutrient deficiencies or certain medications. It is not uncommon for the estrogen level changed during pregnancy to be the trigger.
“If this symptom is caused by inflammation of the gums, as is the case in most cases, timely treatment is essential. Otherwise, periodontitis often develops and in this case there is a risk of serious consequences. Chronic inflammation of the periodontium causes the gums to recede over the years and causes long-term damage to the entire periodontium,” says Jochen Schmidt. German dentist.
Having good and consistent dental hygiene is the first step to stopping bleeding gums. (Photo: Adobe Stock / By aragorik).By: Roman Pats | aragorik – stock.adobe.com
It has been shown that people with periodontitis are particularly likely to suffer from dangerously high blood pressure. Modern medicine assumes that there are connections between inflammation of the periodontium and joint problems. There is some evidence that people with severe periodontitis, for example, are more likely to develop osteoarthritis and rheumatism.
“A fundamental problem lies in early diagnosis: due to its slow and initially painless course, periodontitis usually remains inconspicuous and is therefore often only recognized very late. This is another reason why periodic checkups are very important,” warns the expert.
The main causes why gums bleed
In addition to poor oral hygiene, bleeding gums can occur for other reasons. Patients who wear orthodontics often suffer from this disease. Especially the first weeks after having it placed.
An implant in poor condition or the poor position of dentures can also cause inflammation of the gums. Poor positioning or occlusion of the teeth, especially crowding, also encourages plaque buildup.
If the gum bleeds, it is not healthy. (Photo: Adobe Stock)By: pressmaster – stock.adobe.com
Even so, gingival bleeding is not only caused by the presence of periodontal diseases. There are many reasons that can cause bleeding, and that we must take into account to avoid damaging our gums.
If your gums have receded, interdental brushes are an excellent option. They can also be used to specifically clean those areas that “normal” toothbrushes cannot reach. And tongue brushes also pay off: they eliminate bacteria on the tongue that often cause unpleasant bad breath.