According to the latest National Epidemiological Bulletin in Argentina, a total of 33,251 cases of dengue were recorded from the last week of July to the fourth week of January of this year. Of that figure, 30,873 are indigenous cases, 1,756 imported and 622 are under investigation. In addition, 25 deaths were recorded in the northeast region of the country.
The Ministry of Health reported that the serotype involved in 14 of the deaths was determined: 11 cases corresponded to the DENV-2 serotype and 3 cases to the DENV-1 serotype. Comorbidities were recorded in 8 of the fatal cases; the most common were heart disease, diabetes, obesity and chronic kidney failure. No data on pre-existing comorbidities is available for the remaining 17 deceased.
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In the previous Bulletin, the health portfolio reported a total of 27,430 cases, with 26,010 indigenous, 872 imported and 548 under investigation. To date, the accumulated incidence at the national level is 59 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.
Currently, 13 provinces reported having viral circulation in their territory: all those in the central region, all those in the NEA region and 3 in the NOA region.
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Although the cases are distributed in all age groups, they do so unevenly, with a minimum cumulative incidence in children under 4 years of age, with 13 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, and a maximum of 91 cases per 100,000 in the group of 30 at 34 years old.
The curve continues to rise at the provincial and national level (Photo: Adobe Stock)
In Chaco a total of 14,140 cases were registered; in Corrientes 3,132; in Formosa 9,779; and in Misiones 3,120.
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So far this season, the circulation of 3 serotypes has already been identified in the country: DEN-1, DEN-2 and DEN-3, as reported in the National Epidemiological Bulletin.
Prevention measures against dengue
From the Ministry of Health, they recalled the need to maintain precautions to prevent the spread of this virus:
Eliminate all unused containers that can accumulate water (cans, bottles, tires, etc.) inside and outside the home and/or workplace. Turn over, cover or protect useful objects that are outside and can accumulate rain or irrigation water (buckets, basins, drums, toys, etc.). Regularly brush, clean and change the water in animal drinkers every 2 or 3 days, cover and drain air conditioning or rain drain collectors. Brushing or rubbing the internal walls of the container is essential to remove mosquito eggs that are attached there. Avoid plants in containers with water or change it frequently (every 2-3 days, with the same procedure as in the previous point). Replace the water from pots or plant containers with sand, preventing a puddle from forming on the top. Fill the pot holders with sand in order to absorb excess irrigation water. Keep patios and gardens weeded. Unclog gutters and drains. rain.Pour hot water (100°C) on the walls of drainage grates and place metal mesh or mosquito netting on them.Keep the tanks and containers (citters, cisterns, etc.) used to collect and store water covered, avoiding leaving spaces or openings where mosquitoes can enter. Keep swimming pools clean and chlorinated. Cover them when not in use.