The recent rains generated a change in the agricultural situation, especially in the south of Santa Fe, north of Buenos Aires and south of Córdoba. But decreases in soybean yields have been recorded, ranging between 20% and 30% in some cases, and even reaching 50% or total losses in certain lots. This scenario contrasts strikingly with the projections made until mid-January.
In this sense, TN carried out consultations with agricultural producers and agronomists during a tour of the fields in the core zone. “In the district of Carlos Tejedor (province of Buenos Aires) it rained unevenly between February 8 and 9, between 50 and 105 mm, this Monday 17 mm,” said Dante Garciandia, agricultural producer and agronomist.
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Likewise, Garciandia exposed the harsh reality: “He arrived late. Better late than never. But it does not solve the losses caused to the bulk due to the high temperatures at the end of January (and no rain), with crops (corn and soybeans) in the critical stage, flowering and grain filling.
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As the situation develops, considerable losses are evident. “Only the sunflower (filled with grains) is in good condition, the rest leaves a good part of the yield on the road. I estimate losses of 50%. “Several producers brought forward the chopping of the corn because they were drying completely (lack of rain and high temperatures),” he continued.
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Meanwhile, the severity of the situation is manifested in total losses for some producers: “Many will have losses of 100% of their lots (corn and soybeans) for the same reason. For many producers it will be 2 years in a row without a harvest (neither fine nor thick, the situation is very difficult).”
“This rain will fill dry lagoons and improve the quality of groundwater for animal consumption, which is so affected by the area. But at least it improves our spirits in the field, and we rethink how to continue,” Garciandia concluded when asked by TN.
Disparity in the north of Buenos Aires and the south of Santa Fe
In the Pergamino region, north of the province of Buenos Aires, Román Gutiérrez, an agricultural producer, shared his perspective: “Between last week and this Monday morning it rained 60 mm.”
Evaluating the effects on his crops, he said: “Prime corn experienced a 20 to 30% reduction in yield. The second-grade corn was in flower, so we must wait to evaluate its recovery. Prime soybeans show good conditions and a recovery is expected. On the other hand, second-grade soybeans have lost plants and are suffering significant damage, although if the rains continue, we could see some improvement.”
Read also:Due to the heat, they estimate losses of between 10 and 30 percent in first-class soybean yields
In the fields of Bigand, province of Santa Fe, José María Piccioni, agricultural producer, shared his observations after the recent rainfall and its impact on crops: “After an exhaustive review and tour after the 30 to 50 mm rains in the south of Santa Fe, soybeans and first-class corn are stable.”
However, Piccioni explained that “secondary crops, both corn and soybeans, are the most affected, registering losses of up to 40%. We could say that the parachute opened; We were in free fall and now it is attenuated by these timely rains. Let's hope it continues to rain, because in 20 days everything will be defined.”
This is how a lot of soybeans are found in Punta del Agua, province of Córdoba. (Photo: Fernando Bazán).
The rains had a different impact on each field in Córdoba
From the province of Córdoba, specifically in Hernando, Tercero Arriba department, Fernando Bazán, agricultural producer, offered a detailed analysis of the region: “It rained 50 mm in the last 24 hours and we have accumulated 115 mm in February. If we take the reality of Hernando, there will be cuts, mainly in first-class corn, which will not exceed 60 quintals. We are beginning to see cuts in second-grade soybeans, there are lots that will not yield more than 7 quintals. The expectation is on second-grade corn, which, with all the enthusiasm and maintaining the rain rate, can reach 80 or 85 quintals. In soybeans, maintaining the pace, it would reach 30 quintals.”
Continuing with his evaluation, Bazán pointed out: “Now, if I go to the General Cabrera or Deheza area, there is a different reality. There can be soybeans of 45 to 50 quintals, early corn of 90 quintals and late corn that can average 100 quintals.”
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In the northern area, towards Villa María, a worrying situation is observed, according to Bazán: “In that area there are lots that have been lost and others that we will have to see how they adjust after this rain. In the case of late corn, we estimate yields of 30 to 35 quintals, and in soybeans, we could reach 10 quintals.”
Lot of soybeans impacted by high temperatures in the town of Hernando, province of Córdoba. (Photo: Fernando Bazán).
On the trip to Río Tercero, Bazán reported on the challenges facing the region: “In that area, there was stone damage, and considerable replanting was done. Currently, the crops are in better condition due to the January rains, but the uncertainty lies in how the frost will affect them, since both corn and soybeans will be exposed.”
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Finally, in relation to the cultivation of peanuts, Bazán concluded: “We have an average in the area of 40 quintals. It is neither bad nor good; It is what it is. It will be an average peanut that will cover costs and leave something in the pocket, but it will not reach record levels.”